*Stephen William Hawking, an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, was known for various scientific inventions and quantum mechanics. He was the Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology. He was the first person for the theoretical prediction of black holes emit radiation. He was an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and an awardee of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the U.S. In 2002, he was ranked number 25 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. *

## Early Life, Bio, Family, And Education

Stephen Hawking was born as Stephen William Hawking on 8^{th} January 1942 in Oxford, United Kingdom.

His mother was Scottish and his father was the head of the division of parasitology at the National Institute for Medical Research. Stephen Hawking has three siblings among them two are sisters and one brother who was adopted.

Stephen Hawking began his schooling at the Byron House School which is in Highgate. He then attended St. Albans High School for a few months when he was eight years old.

Due to the high value of education, his father wanted Hawking to attend a well-regarded school. During school, one day he got ill on the day of the scholarship examination. His father could not afford school fees so he remained at St Alban's. Initially, he was not academically successful.

As time pa s sed, Stephen Hawking began to show some interest in scientific subjects and he decided to study mathematics after being inspired by Tahta. At that time, it was not possible for him to study mathematics at University. So, he decided to study chemistry and physics.

In the year 1959, Stephen Hawking began attending University College, Oxford. He completed a Ph.D. degree in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, cosmology, and specialized in general relativity.

## Career And Wiki

Stephen Hawking's collaboration work with Penrose includes the extended singularity theorem concept first explored in his doctoral thesis. In the year 1970, he published the proof that if the university obeys the general theory of relativity and if any of the models get fit in physical cosmology which was developed by Alexander Friedmann then it must begin as a singularity. In the year 1973, he moved to the study of quantum mechanics and quantum gravity.

In 1970, Stephen Hawking was appointed to Sherman Fairchild Distinguished visiting professorship at California Institute of Technology. Later in 1975, he returned to Cambridge as a reader in gravitational physics. He proposed information in 1981, the black hole is irretrievably lost when the hole evaporates.

In the year 1993, Stephen Hawking pursued work in physics. With Gary Gibbons, he co-edited a book on Euclidean quantum gravity and also published his own articles on Big Bang and black holes.

In the year 2001, Stephen Hawking wrote 'The Universe in a Nutshell', and in the year 2005, he also wrote 'A Briefer History of Time', with Leonard Mlodinow. During the career of Hawking, he monitored 39 successful Ph.D. students. In the year 2009, Hawking retired as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics.

## Personal life: Wife, Children, And Relationship

Stephen Hawking had been married twice. He was first married to Jane Wilde, a friend of his sister, from 1965-1995. Hawking met her first time when he was shortly diagnosed with motor neuron disease. The couple got engaged in 1964 October and got married on July 14, 1965.

He had three children with his first wife named Robert Hawking, Lucy, and Timothy Hawking was born in 1967, 1970, and 1979 respectively.

In 1990, Hawking left his wife, Jane, for one of his nurses, Elaine Mason. In 1995, he divorced his wife Jane and married nurse **Elaine Mason** in the same year.

The marriage put a strain on his relationship with his own children, who accused closed off their father from them. She was also physically allegedly abused Hawking.

In 2006, Hawking and Elaine filed for divorce. Then, he became close to his ex-wife Jane and his children before his death. After going through two failed relationships, Stephen was never involved in any kind of relationship.

## Net Worth and Achievements

Stephen Hawking's net worth was $20 million at the time of his death. The cosmologist Hawking had ama s sed a huge amount of net worth from his career.

In 2012, he earned a tidy $3 million in cash for winning the Fundamental Physics Prize, part of Russian billionaire Yuri Milner's Breakthrough Foundation.

He had published over a dozen books and which are most popular in the world. His Ph.D. thesis normally sells for $85 on Amazon.

Stephen Hawking had won numerous awards including, the Albert Einstein Award (1978), Adams Prize (1966), Fonesca Prize (1996), Princess of Asturias Award for Concord (1989), and Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009).

## Cause of Death

Stephen Hawking died on March 14, 2018, at the age of 76. According to his family, he died a peaceful death at this home near Cambridge University. Numerous recognized personalities gathered for his funeral. His dead body was cremated and ashes were buried in Abbey's nave, between the graves of Sir Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. He is survived by his three children, Lucy, Timothy, and Robert.

by Bchrome, 02 Feb, 2017